There's a method I've heard about, but you might have to look it up and do some more research to make sure that I'm getting it exactly right. I think it's Jo Frost (Supernanny) who came up with it, but again not 100% sure about that.
As far as I remember, it goes: you put him down as usual, sticking to routine, and leave the room. When he starts screaming you go back in, but you don't reward him by talking to him: completely silently you go over, settle him down using just your hands, no voice, replace the covers, and then you sit on the floor by the crib with your back to him and wait for him to settle.
The theory is that at this point, your presence in the room means that he'll settle himself and begin to nod off, at which point you creep out of the room again. Then, every time you have to go back in to repeat this (either if he wakes later that night, or when you do this the following night) you move your position on the floor slightly closer to the door. You're gradually training him to get used to you sitting slightly further off. Eventually you're sitting in the doorway, and then in a few nights' time, you should be able to leave.
Unfortunately my knowledge of this method is incomplete - I'm not sure what you're meant to do, for example, if he continues to scream while you're sitting in his room with your back turned! But I know there's a book or website somewhere that will tell you! I'm pretty sure it's Jo Frost.
About the pacifier - was he able to settle himself to sleep when he had it? If he was, perhaps it's worth introducing something else for him to suck/hold, like a blanky with a teething ring attached, or a favourite toy?